Reconstituting and Aliquoting TGF-β1

Youssef Farhat, Written 11/26/12, Last updated 5/6/14

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TGF-β1 is a growth factor that plays an important role in development, wound healing, and a number of disease processes.  Hence, there is a need to study the effect of this growth factor on a number of cells under various conditions.

Lyophilized (freeze-dried), purified TGF-β1 can be obtained from a number of commercial sources.  In this protocol, we describe the process of reconstituting and aliquoting TGF-β1 obtained from R&D Systems to a final concentration of 20 ng/µL.

The TGF-β1 used here is reconstituted in solution containing 4 mM HCl and 1 mg/mL of BSA, as recommended by the manufacturer.  Other growth factors and reagents can be reconstituted in a similar manner; however, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding the contents of the Reconstitution Solution used and the appropriate storage of all reagents.


  • 10 µg of Recombinant Human TGF-β1 (R&D Systems, #240-B-010)
  • UltraPure™ DNase/RNase-Free Distilled Water (Gibco, #10977-015)
  • Bovine Albumin Fraction V Solution (7.5%, or 0.075 g/mL) (Gibco, #15260-037)
  • 1.2 M HCl Stock Solution (prepared by diluting 10 mL of 12 M HCl [Sigma-Aldrich, #H1758] with 90 mL of deionized water)
  • Sterile filter mechanism of choice (i.e. syringe filter, vacuum filter)


1. Prepare and Aliquot Reconstitution Solution

  1. Under the hood, combine the following into a 50 mL centrifuge tube to make Reconstitution Solution:
    1. 160.0 µL of BSA stock (7.5%, or 0.075 g/mL)
    2. 40.0 µL of HCl stock (1.2 M)
    3. 11.8 mL of UltraPure water
  2. Sterile-filter the Reconstitution Solution
  3. Aliquot the Reconstitution Solution into 1.5 mL Eppendorf tubes, 0.6 mL per tube
  4. Label and store the tubes at -20°C for reconstitution in the future.  Save one tube for immediate use and thaw the other tubes as needed for future reconstitutions.

2. Reconstitute TGF-β1 and Aliquot

  1. Under the hood, add 0.5 mL of sterile Reconstitution Solution to the vial containing 10 µg of TGF-β1 and dissolve the TGF-β1 by pipetting up and down several times (final concentration is 20 ng/µL of TGF-β1).
  2. Briefly vortex the TGF-β1 solution to ensure complete dissolution.
  3. Working under the hood again, aliquot the TGF-β1 as desired into 1.5 mL Eppendorf tubes (for my experiments, I prepared 20 and 50 µL aliquots [containing 400 and 1000 ng TGF-β1, respectively]).
  4. Label the tubes, lightly centrifuge the droplets of reagents down to the bottom of the tubes, and store the TGF-β1 at -80°C.

Citing this Protocol

Farhat, Y. “Reconstituting and Aliquoting TGF-β1.” The Protocol Place. Nov 2012. Accessed on mm/dd/yyyy. <>

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